50 years a student of sheepdogs

by | Dec 3, 2021

In recognition of my half-century of being a student of collies I want to celebrate their skills as masters of my learning. When we are open to the invitation, they teach us much more than we teach them. 

I have shared the time with 28 sheepdogs, many born in front of me, some left at the gate, and a few adopted from selected sources. Over time, contributions from, and other breeds served to emphasise the impressive skills of sheepdogs to teaching people.

First collie, Bob, was the last to make sure I learned about the self-entertainment skills of unemployed teenagers. A redesigned three-piece suite sought me to invest in outdoor residence. His new panorama of moving aircraft shared with subsequent siblings was sufficient entertainment that allowed us to graduate from garden furniture in the sitting room.

From hobby to career

I enjoyed 25 years of competitive obedience, which was a learning ground for accuracy blended with continual reward and motivation. There is very little about the formal exercises that makes a sheepdog’s blood run faster. Repeated success at the top level was required to ensure progression and this was engineered with post-exercise games. A pop from down to sit position resulted in play. Devising ways of ensuring exact placement of feet and backsides stretched my creativity to these skills being generated within the dog, as opposed to being imposed on the dog. Their flexibility in movement close at our side showed ability to adapt stride length, speed and point of balance which is almost unique. Many breeds struggle to find these skills and the human needs to walk in a most peculiar fashion. It was not until many years later shepherding an ever changing flock that the origins of the inheritance of these skills was apparent. My dogs made a swop from heelwork to flock work in a 24 hour period.

Competitive sports, as with Olympics or Premier Leagues are the generators for new ideas and seeking improvement. Many critiques on technique and limitations are held, which have now graduated to online forums, where our demands for more answers and understanding are pouring in from worlds outside of our familiar fields. We go shopping around neuroscience, special needs education, bio-psychology for nuggets that may bring us insight.

We are seeing sheepdogs that enjoy full time employment in scent detection actively working alongside prime choices from the gundog fans. Competition obedience, more by fortunate accident than intelligent design, forced me to learn about matching scent recognition. As the dog moves up the classes they are required to initially find an object matching their owner’s scent and graduate to a stranger’s amongst decoys. A weekend of exacting conditions would match any research project in testing the variables of contingencies. Scent was transferred from hands to cloths, which could be any suitable, unpredictable fabric, and placed out in a choice of 10 cloths. Weather variations, freezing cold hands, sweaty hands and smokers added to the rich “flavours” for the dog to match-to-sample. No wonder they began the exercise with a sneeze.

Their true, or honest, application of learning, their ability to roll up their sleeves for the tasks that we present to them led me along many avenues of fascinating research. Asking questions about their memory capacities, their navigation skills, their ability to predict intention in this predominantly silent partnership.

Training is something that is done TO the dog. Learning is something that happens FOR the dog.

Making us question the extent of their abilities

Natural skill

When we work with a dog in their natural field we often miss, or assume, these skills. The dogs learn their flock and the individuals within that flock. This skill of distinguishing one personality from another is the equivalent of a head teacher learning the name of every pupil in a large school that changes every year. Which ewes can be trusted to lead, and the silly-bits that gather at the rear and will always need threats to keep up, to stop gossiping and grass shopping as they travel.

Recognising patience that is needed to teach lambs that only want to play and fight, have no awareness of danger, or are inclined to panic and run into walls. The intruders seeking your greener grass, the catastrophiser, the I-never-wanted-to-be-a-mother old ewe: the dog needs to remember each of these, their predisposition to peculiar behaviours, recognise when and how this will occur and prevent it from disrupting the job. Often this skill is applied through learning different backsides and flick of a tail. Should we be surprised that people have discovered that sheepdogs can remember the names of 1000 toys?

The scent of a ewe sick-to-lamb, the scent of Winter hunger, the scent of foot-rot, an October ram readying for action: these are all different and relevant and learned as an outcome of how we behave when these scents are present and different. The collie will learn, remember and do what they need to do, so that we can learn from them.

The voyage of discovery is not about new landscapes
but about having new eyes (Proust).

Our dogs have always been able to scent these differences, it is a key component of a successful predator, but have we always had the eyes to see it?

Training is something that is done TO the dog. Learning is something that happens FOR the dog.

My lifestyles have changed alongside my interests and hobbies and the sheepdog-family continues to demonstrate it can adapt when given the right conditions to bloom. I have seen selective breeding gradually change through chosen criteria developing branches of preferred characteristics. Activities favouring different physical types or a tolerance of urban life. A gene pool that allows for personal choice to be a key element alongside the inherited skills. We may prefer a certain look or way of moving, a style of application or a range of social skills. We can get to choose our companions and work colleagues.

As the seasons change the sheep will change their behaviours, our tasks change and we look for the dog that can adapt. The dog that will move heavily pregnant ladies with a bit more care, wait for wild lambs to find the right mother, block the hungry rams from taking us out at the knees. Adaptation is their strength. Without that ability to adapt to changing seasons, tasks, or stock they could not have functioned as sheepdogs. If we look deeper we can see the roots of these skills suited for many other purposes.

Dogs learn to handle their sheep, a job that seems extensive, and heavy work improves day by day as the flock stops testing the dog. The dog that can anticipate that the wrong open gate is going to lead to trouble and extra work. They learn their landscape, the critical navigation points, as do the hill flock who know their way to winter feed and summer water.

Can they learn to disappear when you step out of the house in “fancy clothes”? Sigh, it looks like no-dog market day. They remember that this outfit means they are going to be shut in for a while. Dressing for an occasion will make you smell different and behave in an odd way: excited or nervous. The dogs can identify that This Person, not wearing boots or a whistle, means This Person is going off without a dog. They are masters of studying us: our behaviour, clothes and companions and will easily commit to memory warning of a day shut in the barn.

Training is something that is done TO the dog. Learning is something that happens FOR the dog.

Aviation demands unsocial hours. A 5am alarm could mean setting off for work, or setting off for a competition. My dogs would remain perfectly still watching for the first indication that confirms the plan for the day, then erupt with joy when the dog-wardrobe is pulled out. The phone call at 11pm for a call-out and a night on the mountain searching for the lost. They read our arousal level as we throw back the bed clothes, switch off the TV, or put on the coat. They can detect our intentions with frightening accuracy.

They live to be able to live alongside us in whatever we do. They will sacrifice their genetic echoes to be a work companion, a part of the job. The dogs that want to run the hills, get plastered in the urine-poo, will sit in a truck on the M1 just to be able to be alongside Their Person. They will learn all that we can teach them for the pleasure of learning, herd ducks or children, sort re-cycling, play football, or collect the post.

They can guarantee that when we are attentive, they will teach with honesty, remind us that hard work brings its own rewards, and never leave us alone when we need them. 

What they can’t adapt to is isolation, a life without activity or small moments of joy every day. They do not demand much, but they deserve everything.

Key Reading

What Words Conceal

The language across all kinds of media paints a picture of dogs and our relationships with them.

Location is Their Cue

We begin teaching the dog to go to a target, such as a mat or platform and in this process our focus is on the outcome – the dog can place feet on the object or settle down. But at the same time this learning is happening the dog is also noting the location: where this is happening in this room, in the house, relative to the food-machine (you).

Cue Seeking is Connection

Connection is very individual and to be authentic we have to observe, slow down, understand our dogs and meet them where they are.

The Right Bed in the Right Spot

Resting and sleeping are not necessarily the same state. Good sleep where we feel safe and comfortable is important for us all.

Play Health Check

When we look at play or food delivery as an ACTIVITY we share the same mindset as the dog: is there pleasure to be experienced?

Since the Dawn of Dog Training

The old joke reminds us that the only thing dog trainers can agree on is that their training method in the best one. It becomes increasingly difficult to know which method is “right” and whether it will suit the dog, the situation and trainer’s skills.

Back to Basics?

The word “basic” is often derided as synonymous with “shallow,” but in its origins it is the very opposite: foundational, profound, supportive.

The Whole of The Dog

We cannot divide training into compartments of fast recalls, or sit for greeting, or loose leads as everything we ask of the dogs is interrelated.

Not Today and Not for My Sheepdogs

Standard protocols of extinction, impulse control, counterconditioning are quickly grabbed off the shelf as satisfactory solutions. These solutions are unlikely to help your collie, your sheepdog as the focus is heavily on suppression of who they are and why they live.

Do you see what I see

Doing better is the reward from doing the work. This work needs to be the right work at the right time with the right intent done in the right way.

Top Training

Evidence of learning

When we use the words “teach” or “train” child, person or dog, the operative term implies that the process is under the ownership of the teacher or trainer. What your teacher thinks you have learned may not be what you actually learned.

One dog watching

The other dog working
or ….how to train the spectators to quietly rest and watch whilst you work, play, teach a single member of the group

The Power of Passive Learning

Active learning: the learner takes active choice of what to do, how to respond, is attentive and making conscious effort
Passive learning: little conscious effort, reward is delivered for minimum effort.

A Day of Learning

A no-training day does not mean he gets a lazy day lying idly in the sun. Learning is still happening and this is significant and important for his development.

Surprising Puppy

Surprising Puppy. With obnoxious moments. After introducing the obnoxious puppy as a youngster I am knocked over by the Delightful Young Man he is turning into……

Obnoxious Puppy

The delight of your new puppy is probably going to last a few weeks, maybe four if you are lucky. When 12 weeks old hits, and you will feel a slam, the Delight is going to demonstrate ungrateful, obnoxious traits.


Preparing before you train and the final check list

More than words

We expect our dogs to understand the meaning of words and signals, but if you have ever worked with computers you will know that what you say doesn’t always turn into an actionable response.

Not all lures contain food

“the direct use of the reinforcer to elicit the behaviour”
This should always be foremost in our mind, in that many alternatives lures are available.

Remote lures

Lures at a distance, separated from hands, pockets . Using reward stations, patterns, containers


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